Setting your Finder preferences allows you to easily find things--locations, files, applications, and anything else stored on your system.
Under “Finder,” select “Preferences.”
You’ll see settings under the “General” tab. Click the options for “Hard disks,” “External disks,” “CDs, DVDs, and iPods,” and “Connected servers.” This will allow icons to appear on your desktop for all drives and devices connected to your laptop.
Under “New Finder window shows,” select your home folder. Now, whenever you open a new Finder window, you’ll have access to all your files and folders on your laptop.